Authorship & COI

Submission of a manuscript implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that the manuscript conforms to the journal’s policies.

Authorship Requirements
Authorship is defined on the basis of the following 4 criteria:

  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work.
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.
  4. In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

A procedure to prevent „ghostwriting” and „guest authorship”:
In order to counteract cases of "ghostwriting" and "guest authorship", the editorial board obliges authors to:

  • certify the significance of their contribution in terms of specific activities in the creation of the manuscript
  • provide information on the sources of funding of the articles, contributions from scientific research institutions, associations and other entities ("financial disclosure").
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