Еlastic properties of tyres affecting car comfort, driving and riding
More details
Hide details
Mechanics, mechanical engineering and thermal engineering, Sofia Technical University, Bulgaria, Bulgaria
Submission date: 2023-07-13
Final revision date: 2023-08-18
Acceptance date: 2023-09-28
Online publication date: 2023-12-19
Publication date: 2023-12-23
Corresponding author
Silvia Dechkova   

Mechanics, mechanical engineering and thermal engineering, Sofia Technical University, Bulgaria, 5 Burgas Road, Sliven, 8800, Sliven, Bulgaria
International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2023;28(4):54-68
The present paper focuses on an elastic properties analysis of new and depreciated tires. The research was carried out using two different methods, field and numerical, respectively. The purpose of the study is to check whether there is a change in the elastic properties of the tire during its depreciation and to what extent these processes affect the comfort of driving and riding. The experimental tests were conducted on a hydraulic test stand and by applying strength and deformation analysis the effect of its structure deformation was additionally considered. The investigation performed on a vehicle-based tire test stand to find out stress-strain and tire deformation was with different vertical loading according to FEM. The numerical solution was reached by implementing SolidWorks - Simulation and Abaqus. The obtained results are graphically compared, and the average value of the elastic constant for a new and depreciated tire has been determined.
The author/s would like to thank the Research and Development Sector at the Technical University of Sofia for the financial support.
Bo L., Bei S. and Zhao J. (2017): Research method of tyre contact characteristics based on modal analysis.– Hindawi, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol.2017, Article ID 6769387, p.9.
Dihua G., Hui P and Jiancheng F. (2005): Study on tyre modal test analysis.– Vehicle Engineering, vol.27, No.6, pp.691-695.
Yam L., Guan D. and Zhang A. (2000): Three-dimensional mode shapes of a tire using experimental modal analysis.– Experimental Mechanics, vol.40, No.4, pp.369-375.
Guo K. and Liu Q. (1997): Modelling and simulation of non-steady state cornering properties and identification of structure parameters of tyres.– International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, vol.27, No.S1, pp.80-93.
Svendenius J. and Gäfvert M. (2006): A semi-empirical dynamic tire model for combined-slip forces.– Vehicle System Dynamics, vol.44, No.2, pp.189-208.
Shang J., Guan D. and Yam L. (2002): Study on tire dynamic cornering properties using experimental modal parameters.– Vehicle System Dynamics, vol.37, No.2, pp.129-144.
Fraggstedt M. (2008): Vibrations, damping and power dissipation in car tyres.– Royal Institute of Technology School of Engineering Sciences, Doctoral Thesis, TRITA-AVE 2008, Stockholm, ISBN 978-91-7178-996-9, pp.1-38.
Korunović N., Trajanović M., Stojković M., Mišić D. and Milovanović J. (2011): Finite element analysis of a tire steady rolling on the drum and comparison with experiment.– Strojniški vestnik, Journal of Mechanical Engineering vol.57, No.12, DOI: 10.5545/sv-jme.2011.124, pp.888-897.
Kulikowski K. and Szpica D. (2014): Determination of directional stiffnesses of vehicles’ tires under a static load operation.– Maintenance and Reliability, vol.16, No.1, pp.66-72.
Taneva S. and Katsarov D. (2016): Influence of hysteresis losses on the rolling resistance of a low-profile car tire.– Mechanics of Machines, vol.115, ISSN 0861-9727, pp.15-19.
Kolev Z. and Kadirova S. (2020): Numerical modeling of the thermal conduction process in water-air convector's fins.– E3S Web of Conferences, 01009 , TE-RE-RD 2020, pp.1-10, (SJR rank: 0.174 /2019), E-ISSN 2267-1242.
Lyubenov D., Mateev V. and Kadikyanov G. (2019): An expert system for vehicle accident reconstruction.– IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol.614, No.1, DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/614/1/012006.
Moisescu R. and Frăţilă G. (2011): Finite element model of radial truck tyre for analysis of tyre - road contact stress.– UPB Scientific Bulletin, Series D: Mechanical Engineering, vol.73, No.3, ISSN 1454-2358.
Korunovic N. Trajanovic M. Stojkovic M. and Misic D. (2011): Finite element analysis of a tire steady rolling on the drum and comparison with experiment.– Strojniški vestnik – Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol.57, No.12, pp.888-897, DOI:10.5545/sv-jme.2011.124.
Yang X. (2011): Finite element analysis and experimental investigation of tyre characteristics for developing strain-based intelligent tyre system.– School of Mech. Eng. College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, The University of Birmingham, p.220.
Kolev Zh. and Kadirova S. (2019): Numerical modelling of heat transfer in convector’s pipes by ABAQUS.– IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol.595, NACOT 2019, pp.1-8, (SJR rank: 0.192/2018), ISSN1757-899X.
Lyubenov D., Balbuzanov T. and Dinolov O. (2022): Application of GPS-based information system in studying dynamic properties of vehicles.– AIPConference Proceedings, vol.2570, p.040004. DOI 10.1063/5.0100026. ISBN978-073544375-4.
Pranoto S., Hidayat R., Tauviqirrahman M. and Bayuseno, A. (2016): Numerical analysis of tire/contact pressure using finite element method.– AIP Conference Proceedings, vol.1725, Issue 1, pp.020058-2- 020058-6.
Sreeraj R. Sandeep V., Gokul R. and Baskar P. (2016): Tire wear analysis using ABAQUS.– International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, vol.5, Issue 8, pp.1-8.
Korolev P., Shilov M., Maslov L. and Fomin S. (2020): Modeling of stress-strain state of a pneumatic tire in ABAQUS software at stationary rolling.– IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol.996, doi:10.1088/1757-899X/996/1/012015, pp.1-9.
Karapetkov S., Dimitrov L., Uzunov H. and Dechkova S. (2019): Identifying vehicle and collision impact by applying the principle of conservation of mechanical energy.– Transport and Telecommunication, Riga, vol.20, No.3, pp.191-204, doi 10.2478/ttj-2019-0016, Latvia.
Karapetkov S., Dimitrov L., Uzunov H. and Dechkova S. (2019): Examination of vehicle impact against stationary roadside objects.– 9th International Scientific Conference on Research and Development of Mechanical Elements and Systems, IRMES 2019, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering Kragujevac, Serbia; Code 154497.
Uzunov Hr., Dechkova S., Dimitrov K. and Uzunov V. (2021): Mechanical mathematical modelling of a car accident caused by sudden mechanical failure.– Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, vol.14, No.4, 61-68, DOI: 10.25103/jestr.144.08.
Uzunov Hr., Dimitrov K. and Dechkova S. (2022): Experimental determination of the tire-road friction coefficient for a vehicle with anti-lock braking system.– 13th International Scientific Conference on Aeronautics, Automotive and Railway Engineering and Technologies, (BulTrans-2021), AIP Conf. Proc. vol.2557, pp.030001-1–030001-11, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0103....
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top