Specification of the process of chloride extraction from reinforced concrete based on the inverse task of the diffusion equation
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University of Zielona Góra, Prof. Szafrana 1 Str., 65-516 Zielona Góra, POLAND
Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, POLAND
Online publication date: 2016-05-28
Publication date: 2016-05-01
International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2016;21(2):261-271
When the structure of reinforcement is in danger of chloride corrosion it is possible to prevent this disadvantageous phenomenon through exposing the cover to the influence of an electric field. The forces of an electric field considerably reduce chloride ions in pore liquid in concrete, which helps to rebuild a passive layer on the surface of the reinforcement and stops corrosion. The process of removing chlorides can be described with multi-component diffusion equations. However, an essential parameter of these equations, the diffusion coefficient, can be determined on the basis of an inverse task. Since the solution was achieved for one-dimension flow, the method applied can be confirmed by experimental results and the material parameters of the process can be determined theoretically. Some examples of numerical calculations of the effective electro-diffusion coefficient of chloride ions confirmed the usefulness of the theoretical solution for generalizing experimental results. Moreover, the calculation process of the numerical example provides some practical clues for future experimental research, which could be carried out in close connection with the theoretical solution.
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