Effect of Biodiesel Blended Fuel on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engines – A Review
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Division of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kongju National University, 1223-24, Cheonan Daero, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 331-717, South Korea
Online publication date: 2022-03-17
Publication date: 2022-03-01
International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2022;27(1):215-231
The internal combustion engine plays a vital role in transportation, industry, and shipping. However, diesel as one of the main fuels for internal combustion engines, caused many environmental and human health problems. In order to solve the problems, more researchers have been committed to the research of alternative fuels. Biodiesel is a renewable, sustainable alternative fuel, and its characteristics are similar to traditional diesel. It can be mixed with pure diesel. It has been found that a mix with pure diesel in a certain ratio can effectively reduce the negative effects caused by its characteristics, improve the combustion performance, and reduce the NOx and PM emissions. This article mainly reviews the effects of the mixture of biodiesel and diesel on engine combustion characteristics and exhaust emissions, including three parts: part (1) summarizes and analyzes the biodiesel’s production and characteristics, part (2) analyzes the engine’s performance under different working conditions, and part (3) studies and analyzes the exhaust emission under different working conditions.
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