Applying Optimization Techniques on Cold-Formed C-Channel Section Under Bending
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Construction and Building Engineering Department Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport, Egypt
Online publication date: 2022-12-03
Publication date: 2022-12-01
International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering 2022;27(4):52-65
There are no standard dimensions or shapes for cold-formed sections (CFS), making it difficult for a designer to choose the optimal section dimensions in order to obtain the most cost-effective section. A great number of researchers have utilized various optimization strategies in order to obtain the optimal section dimensions. Multi-objective optimization of CFS C-channel beams using a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II was performed using a Microsoft Excel macro to determine the optimal cross-section dimensions. The beam was optimized according to its flexural capacity and cross-sectional area. The flexural capacity was computed utilizing the effective width method (EWM) in accordance with the Egyptian code. The constraints were selected so that the optimal dimensions derived from optimization would be production and construction-friendly. A Pareto optimal solution was obtained for 91 sections. The Pareto curve demonstrates that the solution possesses both diversity and convergence in the objective space. The solution demonstrates that there is no optimal solution between 1 and 1.5 millimeters in thickness. The solutions were validated by conducting a comprehensive parametric analysis of the change in section dimensions and the corresponding local buckling capacity. In addition, performing a single-objective optimization based on section flexural capacity at various thicknesses The parametric analysis and single optimization indicate that increasing the dimensions of the elements, excluding the lip depth, will increase the section’s carrying capacity. However, this increase will depend on the coil’s wall thickness. The increase is more rapid in thicker coils than in thinner ones.
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